A key issue in accomplishing the goals identified in the planning
process is structuring the work of the organization. Organizations are groups of people, with ideas and resources, working
toward common goals. The purpose of the organizing function is to make the best use of the organization's resources to achieve
Organizational structure is the formal decision-making framework by which job tasks are divided, grouped, and coordinated.
Formalization is an important aspect of structure. It is the extent to which the units of the organization are explicitly
defined and its policies, procedures, and goals are clearly stated. It is the official organizational structure conceived
and built by top management. The formal organization can be seen and represented in chart form. An organization chart displays
the organizational structure and shows job titles, lines of authority, and relationships between departments.