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What is Organizational Structure?
Key Elements of Organizational Structure
Work Specialization
Departmentalization
Chain Of Command
Span Of Control
Centralization and Decentralization
Formalization
Forms of Organizational Structure
Matrix Organization
Virtual Organization
Organizing Process
Bureaucracy
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Work Specialization

 

It refers to the degree to which tasks in the organization are subdivided into separate jobs.

 

In work specialization...

 

  • the entire job is broken down into steps, each step completed by a separate individual
  • individual workers specialize in doing part of an activity
  • involves repetetive performance of a few skills
  • can be viewed as a means to make the most efficient use of employee's skills
  • some task requires highly developed skills
  • others can be performed by the untrained 

Division of labor

  • makes efficient use of employees skills
  • increases employee's skills through repetition
  • less between-job downtime increases productivity
  • specialized training is more efficient
  • allows the use of specialized equipment

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